Good and bad cholesterol
Basically, cholesterol of two types HDL (high-density lipoprotein) and LDL (low-density lipoprotein). HDL is considered to be good cholesterol as it lowers the LDL (bad cholesterol). High rates of LDL can lead to chronic heart attacks.
So healthy living standards along with consumption of healthy foods are necessary to control the body cholesterol levels. Food increasing HDL cholesterol and lowering LDL cholesterol should be taken. In case the LDL cholesterol levels are taking heights in the body even if having a healthy diet and exercise, then other ways are taken into action.
The ultimate solution
The two solutions to reduce LDL cholesterol levels in the body are statins and plant sterols. Statins are usually the medications, and plant sterols are the substances (sterols) present in the plant-based foods.
Statins are helpful in lowering the LDL cholesterol levels in the body. They directly work on the liver, inducing the reduction of LDL cholesterol production by it. They are also helpful in absorbing the cholesterol deposited in the arteries.
Plant sterols also play an important role in lowering LDL cholesterol levels. They block the body from absorbing cholesterol. They don’t have any role in affecting the HDL cholesterol levels or triglycerides. According to a Canadian study, plant sterols are most effective in reducing high cholesterol levels. Some of the food substances containing plant sterols are fruits, vegetables, vegetable oils, cereals, legumes, etc.
The above-mentioned food substances consist of plant sterols in a very low amount. So, consuming them may not have a great role in lowering cholesterol levels. That is why fortified foods are taken having enough plant sterols.
Sterols are considered to be one of the best natural treatments for high cholesterol. They have no side effects too. They may not be effective in reducing the risk of heart attack or stroke, but they can effectively help in the reduction of LDL cholesterol levels in the body.