Ukraine struggles against Russian aircraft in the ongoing conflict: A comprehensive analysis.

Ukraine Struggles Against Russian Aircraft: Challenges Facing the Air Force


Ukraine has been grappling with a long-standing conflict involving Russia, and the use of the Air Force has been instrumental in the area for eight months now. The Air Force had been seen as one of the most potent forces that would quickly gain air superiority over Ukraine, but this has not been the case. In this article, we will focus on the challenges Ukraine Air Force has had to face against the Russian Aircraft by outlining the use of Russian aircraft in combat and the battle fronts.

The Role of Russia’s Airforce in the Crisis

The Use of Air Force by Moscow

To date, Russia has flown over 34,000 combat sorties in Ukraine, averaging around 150 per day. These sorties have been launched from airbases in Southern Russia, Belarus, and Saki Airbase on the annexed Crimean Peninsula. The aircraft mainly used have been the Su-25 ground attack and Su-34 strike fighter. The Su-34 fighter bombers are designed for ground support and can carry both air-to-air and air-to-ground missiles, with an average speed of 2.25 Mach, which is just above 1,500 miles per hour.

Technical Challenges Experienced by Russian Pilots

Despite the expectations, the Russian Air Force has encountered significant challenges in Ukraine. Towards the end of February last year, Russia suffered severe losses when it tried to gain air superiority hence forcing it to adopt more risk-averse tactics. The risk-averse tactics led to the revision of Russia’s approach to avoid significant losses. This decision has been attributed to the newly modernized fleet; the pilots lacked sufficient experience with the multi-aircraft sorties. Unlike its Western counterparts, the Russian Air Force has been used mostly for ground support. This means the pilots often rely on the ground troops to offer relevant target coordinates.

Probability of Winning

Difficulty of Achieving Air Superiority

Russia has so far encountered difficulties in achieving air superiority in Ukraine. Unlike the Russian Air Force, a NATO-trained Air Force would strive at flying complex sorties to weed out enemy air defense systems, identify air infrastructure and gather intelligence.

The Effects of Attack Tactics

The attack tactics chosen have, however, limited Ukraine’s defense forces. Occupied with low-altitude bombing raids and rapid-bombing sorties over the Ukrainian territory, at an altitude of 50 meters, the Russian Airforce has left many wondering if it can overcome Ukraine’s defense in the long haul.

The Challenges facing the Ukraine Air Force

Russian Air Force Superiority

Against the backdrop of the Russian Air Force’s modernization, Ukraine’s Air Force faces significant challenges. These include outdated equipment, insufficient funding as well as other various factors.

Lack of Advanced Air Defense Systems

Secondly, Ukraine’s lack of advanced air defense systems such as advanced radar systems, SAM systems, and other equipment has put the country’s airspace at high risk. Of late, China has been providing support to the Ukraine Air Force in terms of modern equipment to build a defensive system to counter the Russians.

Sanctions on Russia

Finally, the sanctions on Russia have been instrumental in keeping Russian military equipment away from Ukraine. Additionally, the lack of financial resources has limited Ukraine’s efforts to acquire modern equipment as well as to develop new ones.

The Impact of Ukraine’s Conflict with Russia

The Effects of the Conflict on Human Life

The Ukraine Russian conflict has had a significant impact on human life. According to recent data, the conflict has led to a death toll of over 13,000 people, mainly soldiers and civilians. Households, businesses and other infrastructure in the region have been severely affected.

The Economic Impact

The conflict has resulted in significant economic recession in Ukraine. Ukraine’s economy has been severely affected by the annexation of Crimea and the ongoing armed conflict in the Eastern regions. The country’s GDP has reduced significantly, requiring foreign aid to keep the economy afloat.


Ukraine has been facing significant challenges against the Russian aircraft since the conflict started eight months ago. Although all parties to the conflict seem to continue building their capacity, the outcome remains unclear. Ukraine’s challenges, including outdated equipment and insufficient funding, need to be addressed, and the country needs to adopt more advanced defense systems to counter the Russian Airforce. In the meantime, the conflict continues to affect human life and the economy of Ukraine.


1. How many combat sorties has Russia had in Ukraine so far?

Russia has flown over 34,000 combat sorties in Ukraine to date.

2. How has the Ukraine-Russian conflict affected human life?

The Ukraine-Russian conflict has led to a death toll of over 13,000 people, mainly soldiers and civilians.

3. What have been the technical challenges experienced by Russian pilots in Ukraine?

The pilots lacked sufficient experience with the multi-aircraft sorties.

4. Does Ukraine rely on ground troops for target coordinates?

No, it does not. The Russian Air Force depends on ground troops for target coordinates, while a NATO-trained Airforce strives on flying complex sorties to gather intelligence and weed out enemy air defenses.

5. What challenges does Ukraine’s Air Force face?

Ukraine’s Air Force faces significant challenges such as outdated equipment, insufficient funding, and lack of advanced air defense systems.